- ইংরেজি ১ম পত্র
এম এ হামিদ খান
সহকারী অধ্যাপক, ইংরেজি বিভাগ, ধনবাড়ী কলেজ, টাঙ্গাইল
প্রধান পরীক্ষক: মাধ্যমিক ও উচ্চ মাধ্যমিক শিক্ষা বোর্ড, ঢাকা।
সুপ্রিয় পরীক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা,
আন্তরিক ভালবাসা, প্রীতি ও শুভেচ্ছা জানবে। আশা করি ভাল আছ। তোমাদের কলেজ নির্বাচনী পরীক্ষা শেষ। এখন ফাইনাল পরীক্ষার প্রস্তুতি গ্রহণের সময়।
বন্ধুরা, তোমরা জান আসন্ন দশকগুলোতে জনসংখ্যার আধিক্যের কারণে খাদ্যের সংস্থান বাংলাদেশের জন্য এক বড় চ্যালেঞ্জ। দেশটির জন্য সবচেয়ে বড় চ্যালেঞ্জ হচ্ছে বর্তমান কৃষিজ উৎপাদনের মাত্রাকে বজায় রাখা। এ জন্য জৈব-প্রযুক্তি গবেষণা এবং উচ্চ ফলনশীল শস্য এবং প্রাণীদের অগ্রাধিকার দিতে হবে যা সম্ভবত বহুজাতিক জনক্ষেত্র খামার এবং প্রতিষ্ঠানের সাথে যৌথ অংশীদারিত্বকে অন্তর্ভূক্ত করবে। আর এ ব্যাপারেই আলোচনায় এসেছে আমাদের ১ম ঈড়সঢ়ৎবযবহংরড়হ টিতে। আর ২য় ঈড়সঢ়ৎবযবহংরড়হ টিতে আয়েশা বেগম নামের গ্রামের এক হতাশাগ্রস্ত ও অসহায় নারীর জীবন কাহিনী বর্ণনা করা হয়েছে। আয়েশা বেগম বেঁচে থাকার জন্য খাদ্য সংগ্রহে ভিক্ষাবৃত্তিকে বেছে নিয়েছে।
PART-A: SEEN COMPREHENSION
Read the following passage and answer the question: 1-4
Feeding the ever growing population is a big challenge or Bangladesh n the coming decades. The major challenge for the country is to sustain the current lever of agricultural production; the task is daunting, especially when the country loses about 80 thousand hectors of cultivable land annually due to excessive pressure on land for human settlement as well as the building of in frastructure such as roads and bridges. Moreover, river erosion and other non-agricultural uses contribute to the diminshing of agricultural land. Although the total number of farm holdings has increase by 18 percent, the cultivated area has declined with the average farm size decreasing for 2.26 acres in 1983-84 to 1.69 acres in 1996.
Given that about 805 of the farms are small and highly fragmented more imaginative and effective organizations of production are needed to sustain community. The newly emerging contract farming taken up by a number of private agribusiness firms is one approach for promoting food production, especially vegetables and fruit, One possibility of compensate for the loss of land is to go for land reclamation in the Bay of Bengal for which of course the country needs massive external assistance.
It is essential to improve agricultural production in general and food production in particular. For this, support from the public sector is necessary to generate and promote technologies and hence to strengthen production. Bio technology research and development of hybrid and animals species need to be given which will probably involve partnerships with multinational private sector firms and institute
1. Choose the right word to complete each of the sentences:
a) The big challenge for Bangladesh is to educate/feed/nurse her population
b) River erosion/flood/cyclone is also a cause of the loss of land.
c) Contract farming has emerged present/recently/previously.
d) Effective/importance/properly measures should be taken to prevent loss of land.
e) Most of our farms are disintegrated/shattered/unite.
Answer: a) feed b) River erosion c) recently d) Effective e) disintegrated.
2. True/False. If false, give the correct information:
a) Government support is enough to accelerate technologies
b) We have excessive pressure of population on land,
c) For land reclamation in the Bay of Bengal, we have sufficient technological support.
d) Public sector can play an important role in increasing food production
e) Our farm-lands are divided into pieces.
Answer: a) False. Govt. support is not enough t accelerate technologies b) True c) False. For land reclamation in the Bay of Bengal we have insufficient technological support, d) True, e) True
3. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of verbs given in brackets. Add any preposition if necessary
a) Public support is essential for the (promote) ..........technologies.
b) The (annually) ........loss of our cultivable land is 80 thousand hectors.
c) Bio-technology research (requirement) ........partnership with multinational firms.
d) (Sustain) .......current level of agricultural production has become a major challenge for Bangladesh.
e) The text deals (particular) ........the problem of agricultural production in the coming decades.
Answer: a) promotion b) annual c) requires d) Sustaining e) particularly with
4. Make a list of five important causes of the loss of cultivable land.
Answer: i) Excessive pressure on land for human settlement, ii) Building of infrastructure, iii) River erosion iv) Other non agricultural uses v) Fragmentation of land.
Read the following passage and answer questions: 5-8
Ayshsa Begum has three sons and two daughters. Her husband was a land less farmer who used to work on other people’s land. With great effort they married their daughters off by the time they reached teenage. The sons also started working with their father as day labourers when they were old enough to help. By the time they were about seventeen years old, all of them had left to work in nearby towns to earn money. At first they used to send money to their parents occasionally, but after getting married they barely had enough to support their own families. Ayesha Begum and her husband are now old and feeble. Years of malnutrition and deprivation have made them look older than their years. All they are left with now is their broken little thatched house. Out of desperation Ayesha Begum has started begging in the village to feed her old, invalid husband and herself. She does not know what ails him neither does she has the means to find out. She is too busy collecting food for survival.
5. Write short answer to these questions:
a) How many sons and daughters does Ayesha begum have?
b) How old were the daughters of Ayesha Begum When they were married off?
c) Where did the sons go when they were about seventeen?
d) How do Ayesha Begum and her husband look and why?
e) What has Ayesha Begum started to do and why?
a) Three sons and two daughters.
b) The daughters were 13 when they were married off.
c) The sons went to nearby towns to earns money when they were 17
d) Ayesha Begum and her husband look older than their age because of malnutrition and poverty.
e) Ayesha Begum has started begging to feed her old invalid husband and herself.
6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words: