B.A (Hons) In English Literature,
M.A In English Literature
Lecturer, English Department,
Rajdhani High School, Sher-e-bangla Nagar, Dhaka - 1207
e-mail: [email protected]
Definition: A sentence is a group of meaningful words which expresses a complete idea. A sentence is started with a capital letter and ends with a puntuation mark (./?/!)
Kind : As per of kind, Sentence is divided into two groups - 1.Formative
1. Formative Sentence : Formative means the formation of sentence. It is divided into five kinds and they are - a. Assertive , b.Interrogative , c.Imperative , d. Optative and e. Exclamatory.
a. Assertive : The sentence which narrates or explain something is called an Assertive sentence. Example : I eat rice. (In this sentence the subject ‘I’ is explaining that he is eating rice.)
b.Interrogative: The sentence which interrogates or asks question is called an Interrogative sentence. Example: Where is my pen ? (In this sentence the subject ‘my’ is asking where his pen is) * Note of Interrogation is a must at the end of an Interrogative sentence .
c.Imperative: The sentence which gives an order or request or advise or forbid or instruction and vice versa is called an Imperative sentence .Example : Never tell a lie . (In this sentence the person is being advised not to tell a lie.) * In an Imperative sentence ‘subject’ is always unmentioned and in most of the case the sentence starts with ‘Verb to do’ expressing order/request/advise/forbid and vice versa
d.Optative: The sentence which indicates prayer or wish is called an Optative sentence. Example: May you be blessed.( In this sentence the speaker is blessing to the person spoken to.)
e.Exclamatory: The sentence which expresses sudden happiness, surprise, shock, sadness and vice versa is called an Exclamatory sentence. Example: How beautiful the bird is ! ( In this sentence the speaker is expressing it’s happiness saying the bird is very beautiful)
* exclamatory sentence starts with how/what an ends with the Note of Exclamation. In an exclamatory sentence the word ‘very’ is expressed with how/ what and it stands before the subject and the verb stands at the end.
বন্ধুরা, পরিবেশ রক্ষায় সচেতন হও, একটি করে গাছ লাগাও।