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এইচ এস সি পরীক্ষার প্রস্তুতি


এম এ হামিদ খান

সহকারী অধ্যাপক, ইংরেজি বিভাগ, ধনবাড়ী কলেজ, টাঙ্গাইল

প্রধান পরীক্ষক: মাধ্যমিক ও উচ্চ মাধ্যমিক শিক্ষা বোর্ড, ঢাকা।

Mobile: 01712967450, 01912319608

E-mail: prof.m.hkhan@gmail.com

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সুপ্রিয় শিক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা,

আন্তরিক ভালবাসা, প্রীতি ও শুভেচ্ছা জানাবে। আশা করি সবাই ভাল। তোমরা অনেকেই Transformation of Sentence নিয়ে লেখা প্রকাশের জন্য চিঠি এবং E-mail এর মাধ্যমে অনুরোধ করেছ। তোমাদের অনুরোধে সাড়া দিয়ে আজ Transformation of Sentence নিয়ে লেখা প্রকাশিত হল।

TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCE:

Transformation of Sentence Gi Practice এর Exercise এর Exercise বা ঊীবৎপরংব করার পূর্বে আমাদের জানা প্রয়োজন Transformation of Sentence কি? অর্থের পরিবর্তন না ঘটিয়ে একটি Sentence কে অন্য একটি Sentence এ রূপান্তর বা পরিবর্তন কে Transformation of Sentence বলে। যেমন

Affirmative:-The girl is beautiful. ( মেয়েটি সুন্দরী) Negative:- The girl is not ugly. ( মেয়েটি কুৎসিত নয়)

Note:- এখানে Affirmative এবং Negative Sentence দু’টোর অর্থ কিন্তু একই। কিন্তু এদের রূপান্তর বা Structure ভিন্ন। নিম্নে Transformation এর কিছু Important Examples উত্তর সহ উপস্থাপন করা হলঃ-

1. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Complex)

(b) People all over the world enjoy this game very much. (Passive)

(c) At present cricket is one of the most popular games in our country. (Comparative)

(d) Though it is a very costly game, young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it. (Compound)

(e) It is a matter of sorrow that the performance of Bangladesh Cricket Team is not up to the mark. (Exclamatory)

Answer:

(a) Cricket is a game which is very exciting.

(b) This game is enjoyed very much (by the people) all over the world.

(c) At present cricket is more popular than most other games in our country.

(d) It is a very costly game but young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it.

(e) What a matter of sorrow it is that the performance of Bangladesh cricket team is not up to the mark!

2.Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) English is more used than any other language. (Positive)

(b) Organisations frequently need employees who have a good command over English. (Simple)

(c) There are many companies and they provide training for their staff. (Complex)

(d) Many believe that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries. (Passive)

1. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Complex)

(b) People all over the world enjoy this game very much. (Passive)

(c) At present cricket is one of the most popular games in our country. (Comparative)

(d) Though it is a very costly game, young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it. (Compound)

(e) It is a matter of sorrow that the performance of Bangladesh Cricket Team is not up to the mark. (Exclamatory)

Answer:

(a) Cricket is a game which is very exciting.

(b) This game is enjoyed very much (by the people) all over the world.

(c) At present cricket is more popular than most other games in our country.

(d) It is a very costly game but young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it.

(e) What a matter of sorrow it is that the performance of Bangladesh cricket team is not up to the mark!

2.Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) English is more used than any other language. (Positive)

(b) Organisations frequently need employees who have a good command over English. (Simple)

(c) There are many companies and they provide training for their staff. (Complex)

(d) Many believe that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries. (Passive)

(e) English is spoken all over the world. (Active)

Answer:

(a) No other language is so much used as English.

(b) Organisations frequently need employees having a good command over English.

(c) There are many companies which provide training for their staff.

(d) It is believed that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries.

(e) People speak English all over the world.