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এইচ এস সি পরীক্ষার প্রস্তুতি


এম এ হামিদ খান

সহকারী অধ্যাপক, ইংরেজি বিভাগ, ধনবাড়ী কলেজ, টাঙ্গাইল

প্রধান পরীক্ষক: মাধ্যমিক ও উচ্চ মাধ্যমিক শিক্ষা বোর্ড, ঢাকা।

Mobile: 01712967450, 01912319608

E-mail: prof.m.hkhan@gmail.com

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সুপ্রিয় পরীক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা,

আন্তরিক ভালবাসা, প্রীতি ও শুভেচ্ছা জানাবে। আশা করি সবাই ভাল। তোমরা অনেকেই Transformation of Sentence নিয়ে লেখা প্রকাশের জন্য চিঠি এবং ঊ-সধরষ এর মাধ্যমে অনুরোধ করেছ। তোমাদের অনুরোধে সাড়া দিয়ে আজ Transformation of Sentence নিয়ে একটি লেখা প্রকাশিত হল।

TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCE

Transformation of Sentence Gi Practice ev Exercise করার পূর্বে আমাদের জানা প্রয়োজন Transformation of Sentence কি? অর্থের পরিবর্তন না ঘটিয়ে একটি ঝবহঃবহপব কে অন্য একটি ঝবহঃবহপব এ রূপান্তর বা পরিবর্তন কে Transformation of Sentence বলে। যেমন ঃ-

Affirmative:-The girl is beautiful. ( মেয়েটি সুন্দরী) Negative:- The girl is not ugly. ( মেয়েটি কুৎসিত নয়)

1. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Complex)

(b) People all over the world enjoy this game very much. (Passive)

(c) At present cricket is one of the most popular games in our country. (Comparative)

(d) Though it is a very costly game, young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it. (Compound)

(e) It is a matter of joy that the performance of Bangladesh Cricket Team is up to the mark. (Exclamatory)

Answer:(a) Cricket is a game which is very exciting.

(b) This game is enjoyed very much (by the people) all over the world.

(c) At present cricket is more popular than most other games in our country.

(d) It is a very costly game but young men and children get a great deal of delight playing it.

(e) What a matter of joy it is that the performance of Bangladesh cricket team is up to the mark!

2. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) English is more used than any other language. (Positive)

(b) Organisations frequently need employees who have a good command over English. (Simple)

(c) There are many companies and they provide training for their staff. (Complex)

(d) Many believe that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries. (Passive)

(e) English is spoken all over the world. (Active)

Answer: (a) No other language is so much used as English.

(b) Organisations frequently need employees having a good command over English.

(c) There are many companies which provide training for their staff.

(d) It is believed that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries.

(e) People speak English all over the world.

3. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) A good teacher is one of the most important people in any country. (Comparative)

(b) He plays a very significant role to educate the nation. (Exclamatory)

(c) The good teacher discovers the treasure hidden inside each student. (Complex)

(d) He keeps his students busy so that he can make them happy. (Simple)

(e) Bangladesh is in need of good teachers. (Interrogative)

Answer:(a) A good teacher is more important than most other people in any country.

(b) What a significant role he plays to educate the nation!

(c) A good teacher discovers the treasure which is hidden inside each student.

(d) He keeps his students busy to make them happy.

(e) Isn’t Bangladesh in need of good teachers?

4. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) Pahela Baishakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh. (Complex)

(b) It is the day of the year when the roads get so jam packed. (Simple)

(c) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way. (Passive)

(d) Although I hate gathering, I enjoy activities of the flood of masses this day. (Compound)

(e) How enthusiastic the people look on this day! (Assertive)

Answer: (a) There is no doubt that Pahela Baishakh is the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh.

(b) The roads get so jam packed on this day of the year.

(c) The day is enjoyed by almost everyone in his own way.

(d) I hate gathering but I enjoy activities of the flood of masses this day.

(e) The people look very enthusiastic on this day.

5. Read the following passage and transform the sentences as directed.

(a) Cox’s Bazar sea-beach is the longest sea-beach in the world. (Complex)

(b) It is one of the most beautiful sea-beaches in the world. (Positive)

(c) It is called pleasure seeker’s paradise. (Active)

(d) The visitors go there for enjoying natural beauties. (Compound)

(e) Those who become tired may go to relax there. (Simple)

Answer: (a) It is Cox’s Bazar which is the longest sea-beach in the world/Cox’s bazaar which is a sea-beach,

is the longest one in the world/ It is the sea-beach of Cox’s Bazar which is the longest sea-beach in the world.

(b) Very few sea-beaches in the world are as beautiful as it..

(c) We/People/Men call it a pleasure seeker’s paradise.

(d) The visitors go there and enjoy natural beauties.

(e) People becoming tired may go to relax there/Tired people may go to relax there.