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এইচ এস সি পরীক্ষার প্রস্তুতি


এম এ হামিদ খান

সহকারী অধ্যাপক, ইংরেজি বিভাগ, ধনবাড়ী কলেজ, টাঙ্গাইল

প্রধান পরীক্ষক: মাধ্যমিক ও উচ্চ মাধ্যমিক শিক্ষা বোর্ড, ঢাকা।

Mobile: 01712967450, 01912319608

E-mail: prof.m.hkhan@gmail.com

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সুপ্রিয় শিক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা,

আন্তরিক ভালবাসা, প্রীতি ও শুভেচ্ছা জানবে । নারী পুরুষের সমধিকার নিয়ে আমরা যতই সেমিনার করিনা কেন, যত বক্তব্য শ্লোগান দেইনা কেন বাস্তব দৃশ্য কিন্তু ভিন্ন। একটি কন্যা শিশু জন্ম গ্রহণের সময়ই বৈষম্য নিয়ে জন্ম গ্রহণ করে। লিঙ্গ বৈষম্যের শিকার হয়ে শারীরিক এবং মানসিক ভাবে হীনমন মানসিকতা নিয়ে তাকে সমাজে বড় হতে হয়। কাজেই লিঙ্গ বৈষম্য নিয়ে শুধু বক্তব্য আর সেমিনার চাই না - চাই এর বাস্তব প্রতিফলন। চাই কন্যা শিশুর পারিবারিক, সামাজিক ও রাষ্ট্রীয় নিরাপত্তা এবং সামাজিক মর্যাদা, যা জাতীয় এবং আন্তর্জাতিক ভাবে স্বীকৃত। সুপ্রিয় পাঠক আমাদের আজকের Comprehension এর মূল বিষয়বস্তু নারী পুরুষের সমধিকার নিয়ে।

Part-A : Seen Comprehension

Read the following passage and answer the questions 1-4:

Gender discrimination in Bangladesh begins at birth. Most parents want to have children so that they can, when they are older, supplement their family income and or help with the domestic work. In the existing socio-economic set up, male children are best suited to this purpose. So girls are born to an unwelcome world. However, they are assigned, rather confined to, domestic chores. Some of these girls may be at school. But all their work- domestic or academic- stops as soon as they are married off, which is the prime concern of the parents about their daughters?

This discriminatory treatment has some long-term negative effects on the body and mind of the girl children and women in a family. They are given to understand that they should keep the best food available for the male members in the family; that they should eat less than the male members; that the should nor raise their voice when they speak; that they should not go out of their house without permission from and without being escorted by the male members. All these shape the girls thinking about life and the world and go to establish their relationships with the male members in the family. As a result, they suffer more than their male counterparts from malnutrition and anemia which make them vulnerable to various diseases, resulting in a high mortality rate. They develop a sense of self-effacement, self-denial and inferiority that persists throughout their lifetime as an inevitable benchmark of the weaker sex. As a result, married off even at 9 or 10 to a man of 40 or 50, a girl rarely has aû say in decision-making in the family, let alone in society.

1. Choose the right word to complete each sentence.

(a) The discriminatory treatment has some positive/ healthy/ unwanted effect.

(b) Girls are taught to demean/enlighten/uphold themselves.

(c) Most parents want children to deplete/ use up/ complement their family income.

(d) The negative effects affect their physique/ physic/ physical.

(e) The female children are welcome/neglected/ tortured from the very beginning of their lives.

Answer: (a) unwanted (b) enlighten (c) complement (d) physique (e) neglected.

2. True/False? If false, give the correct information.

(a) Most of the times girls are asked to do work outside home.

(b) Gender discrimination results from a sense of inferiority complex of the girls.

(c) Gender discrimination is prevalent in Bangladesh.

(d) The girls suffer from various diseases as a result of less eating everyday.

(e) Usually male children are encouraged to have more.

Answer: (a) False. Most of the times girls are asked to work at home. (b) False. Gender discrimination results from the superstitious outlook of the society. (c) True. (d) True. (e) True.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add aû preposition if necessary.

(a) The male members of the family (give) ____ best food.

(b) The female children (escort) ___ by male members.

(c) The academic career of a girl stops as soon as she (marriage) _____ .

(d) They are not (permission) _____ go out of home by the male members.

(e) The girls are (confine) ______ domestic chores.

Answer: (a) are given (b) are escorted (c) is married off (d) permitted to (e) confined to.

4. Make a list of five points about the attitude of people towards the girls.

Answer: Information transfer

A list of five points about the attitude of people towards the girls is given below:

(i) Born to an unwelcome world.

(ii) Confined to household chores.

(iii) Made them understand to take less food.

(iv) Asked to preserve the best food available for the male members.

(v) Not permitted to go out without being escorted by the male members.